Abraxas Energy Consulting conducted an energy assessment for Quantico Naval Health Clinic in Quantico, Virginia in August 2013. There is 1 building in the scope of this project at this facility: a 101,000 square foot health clinic. The goal of the audit was to assist Quantico in identifying and developing energy investment initiatives that achieved the federally required energy reductions.
The energy assessment was performed in two phases, a Preliminary Assessment (Phase 1) and a Scoping Energy Assessment (Phase 2). Phase 1 consisted of a utility bill audit which established a baseline for energy and water usage and facilities benchmarking using energy Star Portfolio Manager. Since there was not accurate meter data, estimates based on observations during site visits, review of drawings, interviews, comparisons with similar buildings and engineering estimates were used to conduct the audit. This generated a baseline for the energy/water/gas usage and utility costs, which was used in calculating potential energy savings. The Energy Star score of the hospital was estimated to be 20 and the goal after implementation of conservation measures was to reach a score of 75. The calculated HDDs and CDDs provided insight to potential energy conservation measures.
The second phase used on-site visits with the purpose of identifying and quantifying cost-effective energy efficiency measures, water conservation practices and renewable energy measures. During the on-site inspection all the relevant information on the existing building conditions was collected. This on-site assessment included reviewing building and equipment data, interviewing site personnel, observing energy related equipment operation, and conducting some limited site measurements. Based on the inspection and calculations nine ECMs were recommended, as well as a list of administrative and operational measures that could be also implemented.
The largest opportunity for savings was found on eliminating unnecessary runtime of HVAC systems by scheduling occupied and unoccupied setpoints in the existing EMS system. Other ECMs found were installation of flow regulators, occupancy controls for vending machines, installation of emergency lighting controllers, installation of VFDs on chilled and hot water pumps, lighting controls, replacement of HPS lamps with LED lamps and installation of supplemental hot water boilers. Studies were also conducted into the feasibility of co-generation, renewable energy sources and retro-commissioning. These were preliminary assessments and based on the results, co-generation and renewable energy sources were not found to be cost effective. A full re-commissioning of the hospital building was highly recommended. The existing and proposed annual energy usage and cost for this project are shown below.
When implemented, the ECMs (including retro-commissioning based on the feasibility study) will save over $132,303 per year with a simple payback of 1.1 years. The list of measures is prioritized by simple payback such that short term investments are expected to be implemented first and longer term investments implemented last. Some interactive effects are accounted for in the calculation of energy savings such that if a different implementation sequence is followed the savings realized will vary to a degree. Total savings for electricity is 783,721 kWh/yr, for gas the savings is 5,043 Therm/yr, and for water savings is 951 MGal/yr. Total energy savings results in a 26% reduction in energy intensity. All values were evaluated using bin simulations and spreadsheet calculations based upon standard energy savings estimating methods and known and assumed operating conditions. Various incentives were identified through utility companies and various federal programs.