Navy Bureau of Medicine, Facility Energy Audit, Naval Hospital Oak Harbor

Project Overview

Abraxas Energy Consulting conducted an energy assessment for Oak Harbor Naval Hospital in Oak Harbor, Washington in August 2013. There is 1 building in the scope of this project at this facility: a 108,611 square foot hospital. The goal of the audit was to assist Oak Harbor in identifying and developing energy investment initiatives that achieved the federally required energy reductions.

Navy Bureau Lemoore

The Solution

The energy assessment was performed in two phases, a Preliminary Assessment (Phase 1) and a Scoping Energy Assessment (Phase 2). Phase 1 consisted of a utility bill audit which established a baseline for energy and water usage and facilities benchmarking using energy Star Portfolio Manager. Twelve months of bills for water and gas, and electricity were used to conduct the audit. This generated a baseline for the energy/water/gas usage and utility costs, which was used in calculating potential energy savings. The Energy Star score of the hospital was estimated at 49 and the goal after implementation of conservation measures was to reach a score of 75. The calculated HDDs and CDDs provided insight to potential energy conservation measures.

The second phase used on-site visits with the purpose of identifying and quantifying cost-effective energy efficiency measures, water conservation practices and renewable energy measures. During the on-site inspection all the relevant information on the existing building conditions was collected. This on-site assessment included reviewing building and equipment data, interviewing site personnel, observing energy related equipment operation, and conducting some limited site measurements. Based on the inspection and calculations fourteen ECMs were recommended, as well as a list of administrative and operational measures that could be also implemented.

The Results

The largest opportunities for savings were found on retrofitting the steam boiler with a modular steam boiler. Other ECMs found were weatherize entrance doors, time control of exhaust fan, installation of synchronous belts on AHU fans, occupancy controls for vending machines, installation of flow regulators, installation of timers to control reheat pumps, insulation of steam valves and pipes, installation of VFD on hot and chilled water pumps, temperature control of the hot water pump and upgrade lighting. Studies were also conducted into the feasibility of co-generation, renewable energy sources and retro-commissioning. These were preliminary assessments and based on the results, co-generation was not recommended for the hospital unless it is combined with nearby buildings. Renewable energy sources were not found to be cost effective. A full re-commissioning of the hospital building was highly recommended. The existing and proposed annual energy usage and cost for this project are shown below.


When implemented, the ECMs (including retro-commissioning based on the feasibility study) will save over $62,754 per year with a simple payback of 5.5 years. The list of measures is prioritized by simple payback such that short term investments are expected to be implemented first and longer term investments implemented last. Some interactive effects are accounted for in the calculation of energy savings such that if a different implementation sequence is followed the savings realized will vary to a degree. Total savings for electricity is 365,407 kWh/yr, for gas the savings is 34,617 Therm/yr, and for water savings is 66 MGal/yr. Total energy savings results in a 22% reduction in energy intensity. All values were evaluated using bin simulations and spreadsheet calculations based upon standard energy savings estimating methods and known and assumed operating conditions. Various incentives were identified through utility companies and various federal programs.